Noun Chart

Type 1 Singular Plural
Nominative Festiva Festivas
Possessive Festivas Festivias (or -ais)
Accusative Festivas (or -am) Festivai (-ae, or -as)
Type 2 Singular Plural
Nominative Anglius Anglii
Possessive Angliius Angliis
Accusative Anglius (or -um) Anglii (-us, or -os)

Nouns should be usable in both types 1 and 2 interchangeably.

For indirect objects, use an accusative that is (clearly) not in a list of accusatives, i.e. Zea reades fabulas liberus. (Eng. (S)he reads a story to the child.)


  • From Latin (1st (-a, -ae) and 2nd (-us, -i or -um, -i) declension regular nouns only): The stem comes directly from the Latin stem (i.e. genitive minus -ae or -i, i.e. villa, villae -> vill).
  • From Spanish:
    • Feminine nouns ending in -a can be directly included into the Type 1 nominative case. The stem excludes the -a. (i.e. senorita -> senorit)
    • For masculine nouns ending in -o, remove the -o for the stem. (i.e. juego -> jueg)
    • For masculine nouns ending in -or, use that directly as the stem. (i.e. doctor, senor)
  • From English (ending in -us, -um, -i, -a, -ae, -as, -or):
    • If the noun ends in -or, use that as the stem. (i.e. doctor)
    • If the noun ends in -us or -um, use that as the nominative form, removing the -us or -um for the stem. (i.e. cactus)
    • If the noun ends in -a, -ae, -i, or -as, remove the ending and use it as the stem. (i.e. agenda)

Proper Nouns

If a proper noun ends in one of the singular nominative endings (excluding multi-word proper nouns), it is declinable. If it has plural endings instead, it is declinable, but must be used with plural endings only. Otherwise, the proper noun is indeclinable.